A big topic is health care and how money a country should be putting in health care. In 1981 the World Health Organization (WHO) had figured that a country should give 5 percent of national income into health care. There is no research to back up as to why 5 percent is a good figure for spending and in this current date this amount isn’t that ambitious as it once was. In this study they look into the ways and the factors that should be considered when looking at how much a country should spend on their health care. While the question of “how much should a country spend on health care?” is the main idea it is a vague question to be asking for research. Times have changed, and circumstances have change so this changes the question to, how much should be spent given current epidemiological profile? This question is still too vague there needs to be a look at what level of health status is needed in each country. There is still factors that need to be added to the question. Those factors are, with the improvements in medicine we need to look at how much it will cost to maintain and distribute the medicine and the improving science. The last factor to look at is the value, cost of other demands on social resources.
In this paper they talk about what health spending is and find 4 factors; absolute terms (amount per person) vs. relative terms (share of GDP), total vs. public-sector health spending. There is a relatively small difference between total and public spending, public spending involves public policy makers who influence both public and private spending. The paper speaks so different approaches and the problems with each approach. Peer approach accept the underlying relationship between health spending and health outcomes. The problem with this approach is that it focuses on inputs and expenditures but doesn’t look at the main goal of better health. The next approach is the political economy approach. This approach asks, “why is the country spending more of less on health than it should?” and looks at how the country budgets its money. This approach addresses the political mechanisms but doesn’t look into the factors involved in modeling such processes. The third approach, production function approach, looks at the data to estimate the best budget. This approach is more grounded than the peer approach but still has the same problem as that approach. The final approach is the budget approach/ this approach looks at what needs to be bought and the price it should be placed at. The is the best approach for the stated question.
This paper was difficult to read because there was a lot of unexplained lingo and had a lot of information that wasn’t explained. They tried to cover too many topics in this paper.
Citation: Savedoff, W. D. (2007). What should A country spend on health care? Health Affairs, 26(4), 962-70. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.usd.edu/docview/204652238?accountid=14750. Accessed 20 Nov, 2017